Machakhela National Park is located in the Adjara Region, basin of the Machakhela River. Machakhela itself is a relatively small trans-boundary river between Georgia and Turkey. Machakhela valley is home of the unique variety of relic and endemic plants. 10,868 ha of Machakhela valley is covered by forests, 75 % of the territory is virgin forests. Most of the territory of the valley is occupied by the Colchis type mixed forests with domination of beech. Dominant species are beech, chestnut, oak, spruce, etc. Among woody plants there are 13 species enlisted in the Red Book of Georgia. Around 200 species of vertebrates (mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles and fish) are found on the proposed territory.